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Oriental Art – Wawel Royal Castle (Cracow)

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The artefacts exhibited present a particular aspect of Polish heritage and artistic taste, shaped as a result of military and trade contacts with Near East countries. Thanks to these contacts, Poland was permeated by art works from Turkey, the Crimea, the Caucasus and Iran – carpets, silks, tapestries, weapons and armoury, ceremonial horse saddles and equestrian equipment which eventually became items of everyday and ceremonial use by noblemen and the royal court.
The most essential part of the exhibition, at present limited to the first floor of the castle’s western wing, comprises  trophies and artefacts connected with the Vienna campaign (12.09.1683), in which the Polish army commanded by John III Sobieski gained famous victory over the Turkish army commanded by Kara Mustapha.
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